Kyphosis, also known under the term hump is the curvature of the upper back.
Small distortion is not pathological, but when it comes to kyphosis, then it can cover an angle of 50 degrees. Kyphosis may be insignificant, but it can give the characteristic hump look.
The symptoms of kyphosis include: moderate back pain, dorsal stiffness and fatigue.
The spine consists of vertebrae, which are connected to each other through strong, fibrous connections (ligaments). There are several groups of vertebrae, breast, loin, cross and tail. Kyphosis is the curvature of the thoracic vertebrae group.
In children and adolescents, the most common types of kyphosis are: Postural kyphosis, Sherman’s kyphosis and congenital (inborn) kyphosis.
In adults, kyphosis occurs due to osteoporosis, degenerative arthritis of the spine, ankylosing spondylitis, tuberculosis of bone cancer.
Treatment of kyphosis depends on the cause, which is responsible for its occurrence, and the signs and symptoms are present. The patient must first go to a specialist – orthopedist, who then together with a specialist – physiatrist will determine whether kyphosis will be treated with orthopedic devices, or if the distortion is greater and causes other problems, will undergo surgery.