What is a chemical peel?
A chemical peel is a popular procedure that is designed to renew the appearance of the skin by gently removing the outermost layer of the skin over time. The outermost layer of the skin, called the epidermis, is the layer that is exposed to the weather, environment, and dirt.
The skin’s epidermal cells are bonded together with fibers called tonofilaments between the cells, similar to the glue that you can buy from the store. When the glue is broken down, the skin rejuvenates and the spots that were once there are faded or taken away completely. The skin naturally does shed over a period of time, but this process is quickened with chemical peels. Underneath the old layer is the youthful and beautiful skin you have always wanted.
Ingredients of chemical peel
Chemical peel involves glycolic acid, lactic acid, azelaic acid, and salicylic acid. Glycolic acid is an alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) that chemically exfoliates the skin. This acid can be naturally occurring or synthetic and is mostly used for acne and sun scars. Lactic acid is an exfoliant that is used to dissolve dead skin cells.
Azelaic acid is a naturally occurring chemical that is usually found in rye or wheat. It has antibacterial properties and fights skin issues like redness, and acne. This acid is available in a liquid, cream, or foam consistency. This acid is also known to block the production of keratin. Keratin leads to acne formation because pores become enlarged due to inflammation and blackheads. This is a great addition to the chemical peel because it is also an acne preventative measure. Azelaic acid is most loved by the beauty community because it is safe to use even during pregnancy. There are no drug reactions, but everyone should use sunscreen when using this acid on the face.
There are other chemicals the practitioner may use, depending on your targeted skin area and how deep the chemical peel needs to be to see results. These acids break down the microscopic bonds in the top layer of your skin to reveal a beautiful new layer of skin underneath.
Salicylic acid is a lot like glycolic acid; it targets the bonds that are holding the top layer of skin together. When this bond is broken, the skin is able to gently peel away. Salicylic acid is also commonly used in acne-prone skin because it reduces sebum production (oil production). When this acid is applied to the skin it exfoliates and unclogs pores, giving the skin a better appearance over time.
The skincare specialist then applies soothing botanicals to calm the skin after the treatment. During the process of getting chemical peels and in general, you should wear at least SPF 30 to protect your skin from harmful sun rays that damage the skin over time. A moisturizer should also be used so that the skin does not dry out.
Cost of chemical peel?
Light chemical peels cost around $150, depending on the location. Deeper chemical peels can reach around $600. It is important to know that some places offer packages of 3 chemical peels and others charge per chemical peel. The packages are a great deal because usually it takes more than one chemical peel to get the desired results.
The chemical peel begins with a consultation. The skin is cleaned thoroughly before the procedure. Then, the professional begins to apply the chemical solutions to targeted areas of the skin. After a few minutes, the chemical peel is over. Cool towels are placed on the skin and moisturizers are then used on the face.
After this process is done, the skin begins to peel and this lasts 3-10 days on average. After getting the treatment, it is important to wash the face with cool water to calm the face. Always moisturize and hydrate the skin with the ointment that was recommended.
Sometimes, deeper chemical peels are needed because of skin issues. Phenol is used for this type of chemical peel. They penetrate the skin more effectively when there are more complex skin issues.
Results of Chemical Peel
After the chemical peel, you can expect to see fine lines faded, age spots are decreased, freckles and dark patches are reduced, and the skin feels smoother. Many people say their skin looks more youthful and has a glow to it after the chemical peel. Many people take a before and after picture to see all the changes made to their skin with this skincare process.
Who can perform a chemical peel?
An aesthetician performs chemical peels. There is a licensure requirement to become an aesthetician. They must be at least 16 years old and took the course at a school of cosmetology. The requirements include a certain number of hours in practice, also there is a theory exam component as well. Each stare is different, so please research the requirements for the state you reside in.
Where can I get started?
Chemical peel treatments are done at spas and dermatologist offices. Most consultations are free. The practitioner will discuss with you more about how the process will go for you and how many treatments are needed to get the desired results. There should always be a gap between skin treatments to recover fully before the next chemical peel. Usually, you can get a peel every four to six weeks. You and the practitioner will set a schedule that works for all of your skin needs.